All our cabbage species can be traced back to the wild cabbage. They originate from the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea and the European Atlantic coast. In addition to the wild cabbage, the Greeks already knew two cultivated forms of it in the fourth century before Christ.
If in the past, cabbages were pre-cultivated and then planted out. They are mainly directly sown into the ground today. For home-gardens young plants continue to be very practical. Some types of cabbage are also cultivated in poly-tunnels and glasshouses such as, for example, broccoli.
Young plants are cultivated by sowing in the greenhouse already in February. From mid-May till the end of June, you can sow them directly in the garden. The sowing depth should be approximately one centimetre. Germination takes between 10 to 14 days at 15 to 18 degrees. Planting can take place from the end of April until the middle of July, 7 to 8 weeks after sowing. Later sowings will be planted after 4 to 5 weeks. The planting distances should be between 40 x 40 and 50 x 50 centimetres. Young plants planted directly in the garden should be covered until the end of May. An abundant supply of water and nutrients is important. Broccoli should follow itself only every 3 to 4 years. An unsuitable crop rotation also exists with cucumbers, pumpkins and other cruciferous vegetables. The harvest extends from early June until October, when the inflorescence has budded. The main shoot is cut off about 10 to 15 centimetres below the flower. About 18 days later the side shoots can also be cut out. Autumn harvest is less endangered by premature shooting. The culture period lasts between 12 and 14 weeks.
Broccoli has a very high requirement in nitrogen-potassium and phosphor. Fertilisation is administered with one soil fertilisation and two head fertilisations corresponding each to one third of the total fertiliser requirement.
Ethylene secretions from other vegetables and fruit reduce broccoli storage time. If you store broccoli, the plant will soon flower. When buying broccoli pay attention that they have dark green and solid roses. Broccoli lasts longer if you place chipped ice on the florets.
Dr. G. Bedlan
More than 100 years ago the first allotment garden colony was founded in Vienna. Today there are around 36,000 allotment garden plots, which are larger than the 7 smallest districts of Vienna combined. With the allotment garden association 'Zukunft auf der Schmelz', Vienna even has the largest allotment garden complex in Europe in a densely built-up area. While these gardens were once important for food production, today they are primarily small leisure oases with great significance for the climate, biodiversity and well-being of all Viennese people.
As said, allotments have been part of Vienna for over 100 years. So, it is time to present these refuges in the middle of the big city as they really are. KleingartenTV has created a documentary film for the ORF (Austrian Broadcasting Corporation) showing what makes Vienna's allotments so special. From the beginning to the present day.
The historian and author Peter Autengruber knows the stories of Vienna's allotments like no other and so he knows the interesting stories from the history of allotments in Vienna. Never-before-seen film footage from the archives of the central federation bring history to life and offer worth seeing insights into a time long past.
A time that Elisabeth Meindl experienced herself. She lived in an allotment garden in Vienna for almost 94 years and was kind enough to share her childhood and youth memories with the viewers of the documentary. Stories about the story of a contemporary witness.
Wilhelm Wohatschek, the president of the Central Federation, has dedicated his life to allotment gardening in Austria and we will present the achievements of the Central Federation for the existence and continuation of these small gardens to a large audience in this 25-minute documentary.
But it is not only the allotment gardens that make Vienna something special. It is above all the allotment gardeners. Using Helga Lang and the Floridsdorf women's group as examples, we show how important these people are for society and what great things can be made of small things.
The biodiversity study conducted by university lecturer Gerhard Bedlan of AGES (agency for health and food security) on behalf of the Central Federation shows how important allotment gardens are for life in the big city. The results are fascinating.
Of course, KleingartenTV also makes a foray through the shelters, the harvest fields and orchards and through the allotment gardens themselves in the documentary for the ORF.
The broadcasting of this documentary took place on Saturday 9th March 2019
On Saturday, September 22nd 2018, the time had come again: For the 21st time, the Allotment Award took place in the large ceremonial hall of the Viennese city hall. The theme "My allotment and the moon" again had an enormous amount of submissions, which made it difficult for the jury to choose the winners.
After the presenter, Alex Jokel, had welcomed the guests, the evening continued with an interview with city councillor for women and housing in Vienna, Kathrin Gaal. She talked about how the city is supporting gardening in Vienna. Afterwards there were talks with the president of the Austrian federation, Ing. Wilhelm Wohatschek, and the chairman of the Viennese association, Helmut Bayer. They talked about the very hot summer in the allotment garden and the role of the moon in their own allotment gardens.
Then the prizes were awarded to the different groups, whereby the prizes for the children, which were awarded for the third time this year, were very popular again. The buffet, which was excellent as usual, got great attention as well. Musical entertainment was provided by Martha Butbul, better known as "Jazz Gitti".
Next to the liqueur tasting organised by the women's groups, the extensive supporting programme in the lodges and the adjacent rooms included a photo corner for souvenir photos and the video lounge "allotment TV ". Around 10 p.m. it was time to leave and the guests went home with a little farewell gift, which consisted of a glass of strawberry jam, homemade by the women's groups of Simmering and Floridsdorf in Vienna.